Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Causes and Treatment

By Lychee 5 month ago 492
Atopic dermatitis (atopic eczema, eczema) is the most common skin disease in children, causing a lot of discomfort for children. Proper skin care not only reduces discomfort in children, but also helps prevent complications of the disease.

The most common causes of atopic dermatitis in children are genetics and allergies.

In addition, some factors can increase atopic dermatitis in children such as chemicals, dust, pollution, etc. Atopic dermatitis in children needs careful care to avoid damage children's skin.

1. What is atopic dermatitis in children?

 Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Causes and Treatment

Atopic dermatitis in children is also known as eczema or atopic eczema.

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This is a common skin condition that begins in childhood and can stabilize in adulthood, however, many children still have it into adulthood.

Children with atopic dermatitis have typical symptoms such as skin on the face, head, arms, legs or whole body that is often dry, red, and itchy. Causing the child to scratch, irritate, and feel uncomfortable, affecting childbirth children's activities, especially at night.

The disease often recurs, especially at changing seasons.

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2. Causes of atopic dermatitis in children

 Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Causes and Treatment
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The most common causes of atopic dermatitis in children are genetics and allergies.

If a family member has atopic dermatitis, the child is more susceptible to the disease.

Or if the child has allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis or allergic bronchial asthma, the rate of atopic dermatitis is also higher.

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In addition, a number of factors also cause atopic dermatitis in children to start and worsen, such as: food allergies (eggs, milk, seafood, wheat, beans,...).

Dry weather; environments with lots of dust, chemical pollution, pet hair.

Clothing materials such as wool, felt, etc.

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3. Treatment and care of atopic dermatitis in children

The purpose of proper skin care Improve disease symptoms: reduce itching, reduce inflammation.

Moisturizes the skin and regenerates the skin. Protect the skin. Prevention and treatment of infections.

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3.1. Treatment of atopic dermatitis in children

 Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Causes and Treatment
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Treatment of atopic dermatitis in children includes the following steps:

Increase moisture and keep skin hydrated with moisturizer.

Use topical medications as prescribed by your doctor regarding time and dosage to limit disease recurrence with corticosteroids (applied for a short time) and tacrolimus (maintained with long-term moisturizing).

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Use topical or oral antibiotics to fight staph infections. Use antihistamines to prevent itching.

3.2. Care for atopic dermatitis in children

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 Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Causes and Treatment

When children have atopic dermatitis, they will often scratch because the skin is inflamed and itchy.

It is important to help your child control scratching to avoid making the condition worse and causing infection.

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You can help relieve your child's itching by applying wet bandages and moist gauze to the affected area.

Limit your child's scratching. Keep your child's hands clean.

When taking care of atopic dermatitis in children, you need to be careful not to bathe your child in water that is too hot because it will dry out the skin and cause more itching.

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Instead, shower with warm water and moisturizing shower gel. Choose soft clothes that absorb sweat well and do not irritate your baby's skin like cotton.

Regularly clean and ventilate the house, avoid pet hair, dust and irritating chemicals that affect children's illnesses. If you see signs of skin infection in your child, take your child to the doctor for timely treatment.

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